For nearly three decades, the UN has been bringing together almost every country on earth for global climate summits known as the Conference of the Parties or ‘COP’.

This year’s COP will be based in Glasgow and take place over 31 October to 12 November 2021. It will be the 26th annual summit and will have a heavy focus on renewable energies including biogas.

What will happen at COP26?

World leaders will arrive in Scotland along with tens of thousands of negotiators, government representatives, businesses and citizens to discuss the immediate action needed to tackle climate change.

Most experts believe COP26 is the most important to date, with a unique urgency to get climate change under control before it’s too late.

What is the Paris Agreement?

It’s been five years since the Paris Agreement in COP21 where, for the first time ever, every country agreed to work together to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees.

Under the Paris Agreement, countries also committed to setting out how they would reduce their emissions in a national plan. This would be updated and re-examined every five years – which is where we are now.

What does COP26 hope to achieve?

There are several goals for this year’s summit, the main one being to secure global net zero emissions by mid-century and to keep 1.5 degrees within reach.

To deliver on these goals, countries will need to take action. They’ll need to curtail deforestation, speed up the switch to electric vehicles, accelerate the phase-out of coal and encourage investment into renewables.

Greener renewables include wind, hydroelectric, solar and geothermal. But rising through the ranks as one of the most sustainable is biogas.

Why is Biogas important?

The use of biogas on a large scale is an important element to meeting COP26’s goals. Converting organic waste into biogas for the use of electricity, heat or vehicle fuel provides a renewable source of energy that will reduce dependence on greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change.

The world is currently not on track to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees, which is why biogas is even more important going forward.

What is Biogas?

Biogas is a flammable fuel gas created from waste food, vegetation and animal waste. As a renewable energy source, it can be used in a variety of ways including as vehicle fuel, for cooking, for heating and for generating green electricity.

How is it produced?

Biogas is created when food or animal waste is broken down by microorganisms. This process is called anaerobic digestion and already occurs in nature, landfills and some manure management systems.

To be used as fuel gas it can be optimised in an anaerobic digester, which is a large type of tank that contains an oxygen-free atmosphere. Inside the tank microorganisms break down the waste into combustible gases, collected as biogas.

How can PDI Utilities help?

At PDI Utilities we plan, design and install the infrastructure needed for water, gas and electricity supplied into residential, commercial and industrial developments. This includes the infrastructure needed for biogas. PDI Utilities can help make biogas become a leading renewable energy source – allowing easier access to this fuel for businesses and new and old build developments.

If you want to learn more about the COP26 climate change summit visit www.ukcop26.org.

If you want to learn more about PDI Utilities and biogas visit www.pdiutilities.co.uk or call 01603 258670.